Thursday, May 23, 2024

New Education Policy 2023 pdf

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Introduction

The Indian education system is moving forward as a witness to the new National Education Policy 2023 as shown in the attached new Education Policy 2023 pdf in detail. Our present education system has been continuing for about 34 years but with time and as per the demand of time, change in it has become inevitable.

The Indian education system has gone through many changes from time to time such as changes in education policies, action plans, and curriculum structure, but even at present the educational institutions of India still lag behind in providing world-class education. India is dreaming of becoming a world leader and is moving towards it, but without providing better and employable education to the youth, how can we sit on the throne of world leaders? Nelson Mandela once said,

Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world

If we look at various educational rankings worldwide, the Indian education system stands far behind. The detailed information in the attached new education policy 2023 pdf is important to read.

S. No. Top Countries with Best Education System Highest Ranked Countries for Education Countries with the Worst Education Systems
1 Denmark United States Nigeria
2 Finland United Kingdom Burkina Faso
3 Japan Germany Mali
4 Canada Canada Central African Republic
5 Sweden France Ethiopia
6 Germany Switzerland Eritrea
7 Israel Japan Guinea
8 Netherlands Australia Pakistan
9 Singapore Sweden Gambia
10 South Korea Netherlands Angola

The top ten universities in the world are as follows: (Credits: QS World Rankings) (Download New Education Policy 2023 pdf below)

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S. No./Ranking University Location
1 Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States
2 University of Cambridge United Kingdom
3 University of Oxford United Kingdom
4 Harvard University United States
5 Stanford University United States
6 Imperial College London United Kingdom
7 ETH Zurich Switzerland
8 National University of Singapore Singapore
9 University College London United Kingdom
10 University of California, Berkeley United States

Historical Background

If we look at the Indian education policy before independence, who can forget Lord Macaulay who put the burden on the people of India to accept Western education? Anyway, Macaulay was a staunch Anglicist and wanted that the coming generations of India should not know their culture and India should remain a colony of the British forever.

New Education Policy 2023 pdf
Macaulay by Antoine Claudet, photogravure, 1860s

According to Macaulay, if science can be understood in any language then it is only and only English. Somewhere he was jealous of the greatness of Indian culture and languages and wanted that they should not be propagated at all. The attached new education policy 2023 pdf should be downloaded for more information. To integrate the English language into the Indian education system, he gave some arguments which are as follows:

  • English is a modern language and is superior to all other languages.
  • English can play an important role in India’s renaissance.
  • The English language can give birth to great scholars in India.
  • Indian people prefer to learn English rather than Sanskrit and Arabic languages.

Let us discuss further the Indian education policies after independence.

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1. National Policy on Education (1968)

The Government of India constituted the Kothari Commission in November 1964. Daulat Singh Kothari, a great physicist, educationist, Dean of the Faculty of Science at Delhi University, and Scientific Advisor in the Ministry of Defence, was made its Chairman. This commission was entrusted with the task of deeply studying every aspect of the Indian education system and guiding it for its bright future.

New Educational Policy 2023 pdf
Daulat Singh Kothari, Credits- Wikipedia

At that time, there was a need for a better education system in the country so that enthusiasm for science could be aroused among the youth, and along with this, the employment figures could be improved. Due to all these reasons, the Kothari Commission was formed which gave historical turning points to the Indian education system. The attached new education policy 2023 pdf is beneficial for further study. The Kothari Commission gave some important suggestions and recommendations such as:

  • Free and compulsory education for all children up to 14 years of age recommended
  • The Commission considered the objective of lifelong learning important and recommended adding the option of joining and leaving education at any time in the education system so that all types of candidates can be helped.
  • It was recommended to make education practical and employment-oriented.
  • It was recommended to increase efforts to improve the quality of education.
  • Recommendation to increase public investment and other resources in the education sector.

Download the new education policy 2023 pdf below

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2. National Policy on Education (1986)

The second education policy was implemented in the country in 1986 by the government of Rajiv Gandhi.

New Educational Policy 2023 pdf
Rajiv Gandhi, Credits- Wikipedia

There were many flaws in the old education policy and it had been a long time since that policy was introduced. The population in the country had exploded and the problem of unemployment had also become acute. While better technology and computers had emerged in the progressive countries of the world, India was still untouched by that revolution. In view of all these problems, there was a need for a new education policy. The main highlights of NPE 1986 are as follows:

  • Ensuring admission, access, and retention in school for all children up to 14 years of age.
  • Establishment of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas.
  • Introduction of 10+2+3 structure for the national system of education.
  • Making arrangements for informal education for children who leave school midway due to some reasons or in places where there are no schools.
  • To establish residential schools to promote education in tribal areas.
  • To provide equal education to women, backward classes, and scheduled castes.
  • Improving the learning environment in school, reducing corporal punishment, not failing children, and promoting other educational activities etc.

The new education policy 2023 pdf is available to download below in English and Hindi.

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3. National Policy for ICT (2012)

As new dimensions were being created in the field of information and communication technology in the world, some backwardness in this field was visible in India. That is why the need was felt to implement the National Education Policy for ICT 2012. This policy was included in the curriculum of secondary and senior schools and was also made a part of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. IT technology was made the main focus of the policy so that India could get a strong global identity in the IT sector. The main working points in this policy are as follows:

  • To increase the revenue of information technology and information technology-enabled services in India.
  • More and more ICT expert teachers and students should be created as a workforce so that they can be used in the future for society and nation-building.
  • Society should be made aware of ICT and facilities should be provided for taking education under it.
  • Mutual cooperation and partnership should be promoted in education under ICT.
  • A systematic repository of ICT and ICT-based equipment should be established so that it can be used later.
  • A pool of teachers and schools should be created for education under ICT so that consultancy and educational services can be provided on this subject.

The new education policy 2023 pdf is available below.

4. New Education Policy 2020

Due to the rapid changes in employment resources and global conditions in the world due to technology, it has become necessary that children not only learn what is being taught but also continue the process of continuous learning. In the future, there will be a need for people who know subjects like Artificial Intelligence, and Machine Learning very well and can do the work related to these. To make these subjects employable, there is a need for a similar education policy in which these subjects can be taught. The main features of the National Education Policy 2023 are as follows:

New Education Policy 2023 pdf

  • Access to education should be mandatory for all from pre-primary to class 12.
  • Good early education and childhood care for children aged 3-6 years.
  • Replacement of old 10+2+3 pedagogical structure with new 5+3+3+4 system.
  • Bridging the gap between arts and sciences, curricular and extracurricular, vocational and academics.
  • Creating a National Mission on Fundamental Literacy and Numeracy.
  • The National Education Policy 2023 emphasizes the issue of multilingualism as well as the learning of Indian languages. For more detailed information, download the attached new education policy 2023 pdf.
  • There may be main examinations and examinations for improvement during any school year for assessment improvement.
  • Establishment of a new national assessment method named PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development)
  • Equal and Inclusive education, separate gender inclusion fund for Socially and Economically Disadvantaged Groups (SEDGs).
  • To make the process of appointment of teachers and faculty easier and faster.
  • Awareness towards vocational education in schools.
  • Increasing GER (Gross Enrolment Ratio) in higher education to 50%.
  • Conducting entrance examinations of higher educational institutions by the National Testing Agency (NTA).
  • To create the Academic Bank of Credit and establishment of Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities (MERU). Download the new education policy 2023 pdf below.
  • Establishment of the National Research Foundation (NRF).
  • Establishment of the Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) for all types of higher education except medical and legal education.
  • To increase GER % in open school education and learning.
  • To promote the Internationalization of Education in India.
  • To make professional education an important and integral part of education in higher educational institutes (HEIs).
  • Establishment of the National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) for the free exchange of innovative ideas in order to enhance learning.
  • Achieving the target of reaching 100% literacy. Download the new education policy 2023 pdf here.

Download the new education policy 2023 pdf here

Download the new education policy 2023 pdf in Hindi here

 

 

 

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